遗传 ›› 2017, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (1): 32-40.doi: 10.16288/j.yczz.16-377

• 研究报告 • 上一篇    下一篇

极性蛋白Crumbs胞内域功能保守性研究

史其萍(),曹浩伟,许蕊,张丹丹,黄娟   

  1. 南京医科大学基础医学院,南京 211166
  • 收稿日期:2016-11-09 修回日期:2016-11-25 出版日期:2017-01-20 发布日期:2017-12-24
  • 作者简介:史其萍,硕士研究生,专业方向:果蝇胚胎上皮细胞的顶底极性。E-mail: shiqiping123@126.com
  • 基金资助:
    南京医科大学引进人才启动经费(2012RC04);生殖医学国家重点实验室开放课题(SKLRM-KF-1302)

Functional conservation study of polarity protein Crumbs intracellular domain

Shi Qiping(),Cao Haowei,Xu Rui,Zhang Dandan,Huang Juan   

  1. School of Basic Medical Sciences, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 211166, China
  • Received:2016-11-09 Revised:2016-11-25 Online:2017-01-20 Published:2017-12-24
  • Supported by:
    the Start-up Foundation from Nanjing Medical University(2012RC04);Open Foundation from State Key Laboratory of Reproductive Medicine(SKLRM-KF-1302)

摘要:

跨膜蛋白Crumbs(Crb)是细胞顶部的决定因子,对上皮细胞顶-底极性的建立和维持起着关键的作用。其胞内域虽然仅有37个氨基酸,但对Crb的功能必不可少。在果蝇(Drosophila melanogaster)中,如果胞内域发生突变,将造成胚胎发育异常、上皮细胞顶底极性丧失等严重后果。Crb胞内域从果蝇到小鼠(Mus musculus)和人类(Homo sapiens)具有很高的同源性,但线虫(Caenorhabditis elegans)两个Crb蛋白的胞内域与果蝇和哺乳动物却较为不同。为验证线虫Crb蛋白胞内域是否功能保守,本文利用基因组工程法(Genomic engineering),将果蝇基因组中Crb基因编码胞内域的部分替换为一致性和相似性较远的线虫Crb2基因的相应区段。与其他Crb胞内域突变果蝇不同,替换突变体胚胎发育正常,Crb及其他极性蛋白的表达和定位正常,胚胎上皮细胞顶底极性能够正确的建立和维持。这些结果证实虽然线虫和果蝇Crb蛋白胞内域之间存在大量序列变异,但重要的氨基酸位点和功能模块则完全保守。

关键词: Crumbs, 胞内域, 功能保守性, 细胞极性

Abstract:

The transmembrane protein Crumbs (Crb) plays key roles in the establishing and maintaining cell apical-basal polarity in epithelial cells by determining the apical plasma membrane identity. Although its intracellular domain contains only 37 amino acids, it is absolutely essential for its function. In Drosophila, mutations in this intracellular domain result in severe defects in epithelial polarity and abnormal embryonic development. The intracellular domain of Crb shows high homology across species from Drosophila to Mus musculus and Homo sapiens. However, the intracellular domains of the two Crb proteins in C. elegans are rather divergent from those of Drosophila and mammals, raising the question on whether the function of the intracellular domain of the Crb protein is conserved in C. elegans. Using genomic engineering approach, we replaced the intracellular domain of the Drosophila Crb with that of C. elegans Crb2 (CeCrb2), which has extremely low homology with those from the Crb proteins of Drosophila and mammals. Surprisingly, substituting the intracellular domain of Drosophila Crb with that of CeCrb2 did not cause any abnormalities in development of the Drosophila embryo, in terms of expression and localization of Crb and other polarity proteins and apical-basal polarity in embryonic epithelial cells. Our results support the notion that despite their extensive sequence variations, all functionally critical amino acid residues and motifs of the intercellular domain of Crb proteins are fully conserved between Drosophila and C. elegans.

Key words: Crumbs, intracellular domain, functional conservation, cell polarity