遗传 ›› 2020, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (1): 112-125.doi: 10.16288/j.yczz.19-261

• 研究报告 • 上一篇    下一篇

内侧前额叶皮质DNA甲基化调控大鼠酒精相关行为

崔亨贞1, 孙蜜烛2, 王润芝2, 李辰雨3, 黄予暄3, 黄秋菊3, 乔晓孟2()   

  1. 1. 郑州大学医学院基础医学专业,郑州 450001
    2. 郑州大学医学院法医学系,郑州 450001
    3. 郑州大学医学院医学检验系,郑州 450001
  • 收稿日期:2019-09-02 修回日期:2019-11-21 出版日期:2020-01-20 发布日期:2019-12-25
  • 通讯作者: 乔晓孟 E-mail:xiaomeng416520@126.com
  • 作者简介:崔亨贞,本科生,专业方向:基础医学。E-mail: chzzzu@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目编号(81373247);郑州大学大学生创新项目资助编号(2019cxcy054)

DNA methylation in the medial prefrontal cortex regulates alcohol-related behavior in rats

Cui Hengzhen1, Sun Mizhu2, Wang Runzhi2, Li Chenyu3, Huang Yuxuan3, Huang Qiuju3, Qiao Xiaomeng2()   

  1. 1. Basic Medicine, School of Medicine, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450001, China
    2. Department of Forensic Medicine, School of Medicine, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450001, China
    3. Department of Medical Laboratory,School of Medicine, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450001, China
  • Received:2019-09-02 Revised:2019-11-21 Online:2020-01-20 Published:2019-12-25
  • Contact: Qiao Xiaomeng E-mail:xiaomeng416520@126.com
  • Supported by:
    Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China No(81373247);the Innovative Project for College Students of Zhengzhou University No(2019cxcy054)

摘要:

酒精滥用不仅导致组织器官损伤,还易诱发神经精神疾病。研究表明,DNA甲基化在酒精诱导基因表达和行为改变中发挥重要作用,但具体的神经生物学机制尚未被阐明。为了探索DNA甲基化在酒精滥用中的作用机制,本研究选取健康成年雄性 SD大鼠(Rattus norvegicus) 32只,随机分为饮水对照组(n=16)和慢性酒精暴露组(n=16),运用双瓶选择实验(two bottle choice test, TBCT)评估大鼠酒精偏爱率(alcohol preference),通过旷场行为(open field test, OFT)评估活动状态并检测血酒精浓度。分离两组大鼠内侧前额叶皮质(medial prefrontal cortex, mPFC),提取总DNA,利用简化代表性重亚硫酸盐测序技术(reduced representation bisulfite sequencing, RRBS)构建mPFC甲基化谱,对差异基因进行功能富集和通路分析,筛选与酒精滥用密切相关的甲基化差异基因,运用qRT-PCR技术检测差异基因的表达,验证DNA甲基化对基因的表达调控;利用qRT-PCR和Western blot检测甲基转移酶(DNA methyltransferases, DNMTs)和甲基化CpG 位点结合蛋白2 (methyl CpG binding protein 2, MeCP2)的表达;同时,还检测了短期酒精暴露(7 d)对大鼠mPFC内DNMTs和MeCP2的影响(n=8/组)。结果表明,慢性酒精暴露大鼠mPFC内基因启动子区甲基化水平显著升高。与酒精滥用密切相关的差异基因中,慢性酒精暴露组Ntf3Ppm1G启动子区甲基化水平升高,mRNA表达降低;Hap1DUSP1启动子区甲基化水平降低,mRNA表达升高。慢性酒精暴露使DNMT3B和MeCP2 mRNA和蛋白表达升高,而短期内酒精暴露不影响它们的表达。本研究初步证实DNA甲基化与酒精滥用的发展相关,可能受DNMT3B和MeCP2分子的调控,并发现了与酒精滥用相关的靶基因Ntf3Ppm1GHap1DUSP1,为研究酒精滥用的神经生物学机制提供了新见解,同时为酒精滥用治疗提供了可能的药理学靶点。

关键词: 酒精滥用, DNA甲基化, DNA甲基转移酶, 内侧前额叶皮质

Abstract:

Alcohol abuse causes tissue and organ damage, and may participate neuropsychiatric diseases. Studies have shown that DNA methylation plays an important role in gene expression and behavioral changes induced by alcohol, however the causative neurobiological mechanisms have not been clarified. In this study, 32 healthy adult male SD rats were randomly divided into a drinking water control group (n=16) and a chronic alcohol exposure group (n=16). The alcohol preference and locomotor activity of rats were evaluated by two-bottle choice test (TBCT) and open-field test (OFT). DNA methylation in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) tissue was detected by the reduced representative bisulfite sequencing (RRBS) technology. The methylation differential genes closely related to alcohol abuse were screened. qRT-PCR was used to verify the mRNA expression patterns of differential genes. qRT-PCR and Western blot were used to detect the expression of DNA methyltransferases (DNMTs) and methyl CpG binding protein 2 (MeCP2). Furthermore, the effect of short-term alcohol exposure (7 days) on DNMTs and MeCP2 in the mPFC of rats was tested (n=8/group). The results indicated that the methylation level of promoter region in the mPFC of rats exposed to chronic alcohol was significantly increased. In addition, the increased methylation levels in the promoter of Ntf3 and Ppm1G were accompanied by down-regulated mRNA levels in the chronic alcohol exposure group. The decreased methylation levels in the promoter of Hap1 and DUSP1 were accompanied by up-regulated mRNA levels. Furthermore, chronic alcohol exposure increased the mRNA and protein levels of DNMT3B and MeCP2. However, short term alcohol exposure did not affect their expression. This present study provides evidence that DNA methylation is associated with the development of alcohol abuse, which may be regulated by DNMT3B and MeCP2. The target genes Ntf3, Ppm1G, Hap1, and DUSP1 related to alcohol abuse were discovered as well, providing new insights into the neurobiological mechanism of alcohol abuse and the potential pharmacological targets for the treatment of alcohol abuse.

Key words: alcohol abuse, DNA methylation, DNA methyltransferases, medial prefrontal cortex