遗传 ›› 2017, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (1): 48-55.doi: 10.16288/j.yczz.16-321

• 研究报告 • 上一篇    下一篇

应用RGS双荧光替代性报告载体提高CRISPR/Cas9对猪BMP15基因的打靶效率

王敏(),石翾(),黄翔,刘小凤,覃玉凤,刘小红,陈瑶生,何祖勇()   

  1. 中山大学生命科学学院,有害生物控制与资源利用国家重点实验室,广州 510006
  • 收稿日期:2016-09-19 修回日期:2016-11-28 出版日期:2017-01-20 发布日期:2017-12-24
  • 作者简介:王敏,硕士研究生,专业方向:遗传学。E-mail: 907825503@qq.com|石翾,博士研究生,专业方向:遗传学。E-mail: 382817049@qq.com|何祖勇,博士,副教授,研究方向:动物遗传与育种。E-mail: zuyonghe@foxmail.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家转基因生物新品种培育重大专项(2016ZX08006003-006);广东省自然科学基金项目(2016A030313310)

Improving gene targeting efficiency on the porcine BMP15 gene mediated by CRISPR/Cas9 by using the RGS surrogate reporter system

Wang Min(),Shi Xuan(),Huang Xiang,Liu Xiaofeng,Qin Yufeng,Liu Xiaohong,Chen Yaosheng,He Zuyong()   

  1. State Key Laboratory of Biocontrol, School of Life Sciences, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510006, China
  • Received:2016-09-19 Revised:2016-11-28 Online:2017-01-20 Published:2017-12-24
  • Supported by:
    the National Transgenic Major Program(2016ZX08006003-006);the Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong Province(2016A030313310)

摘要:

我国是家猪养殖和消费大国,提高母猪的繁殖力对于促进我国生猪产业的发展具有重要的作用。排卵率和产仔数是影响家畜繁殖力的关键因素,其中BMP15 (bone morphogenetic protein 15)基因已被鉴定是控制绵羊排卵数和多胎性状的一个主效基因,然而目前在家猪BMP15基因中尚未发现类似绵羊多胎品系的天然突变。基于高等哺乳动物基因功能的保守性和CRISPR/Cas9(clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats/CRISPR-associated protein 9)等基因组编辑技术对动物基因组定点修饰的高效性,应用CRISPR/Cas9技术对家猪BMP15基因进行精确的遗传修饰,使家猪获得类似多胎绵羊的天然突变,对于研究该基因对家猪繁殖力的影响以及培育高繁殖力家猪新品系具有重要的意义。本研究通过CRISPR/Cas9对长白猪胎儿成纤维(porcine embryonic fibroblasts, PEF)细胞中BMP15基因进行打靶,T7E1分析显示打靶效率仅有5%。随后通过共转染RGS双荧光替代性报告载体(RFP-GFP surrogate reporter),并应用流式细胞术分选出双荧光细胞,富集到基因组被CRISPR/Cas9修饰的细胞,使基因打靶效率提高至18%。本研究结果表明,应用RGS双荧光替代性报告载体可以有效提高CRISPR/Cas9在PEF细胞中对BMP15基因的打靶效率,为今后通过体细胞核移植技术培育BMP15基因编辑猪进行了有效的探索。

关键词: BMP15基因, CRISPR/Cas9, RGS双荧光替代性报告载体

Abstract:

As Chinese have raised most pigs and consumed most pig products in the world, improving the fertility of sow is of economic benefits to the pig industry in China. The sheep BMP15 (bone morphogenetic protein 15) gene has been identified as a major gene for controlling ovulation rates and prolific traits, which are key factors affecting the fertility of livestock. As similar natural occurring mutations in the porcine BMP15 gene have not yet been reported, we speculated that introducing the same prolific sheep mutations into the porcine BMP15 gene by using the CRISPR/Cas9 (clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats/CRISPR-associated protein 9) system could be promising for the generation of pig breeds with improved fertility. In this study, we described the targeted disruption of the BMP15 gene in the porcine embryonic fibroblasts (PEFs) of Landrace pig. The results showed that only 5% cells in the population were targeted by CRISPR/Cas9 as revealed by the T7E1 assay. Then we co-transfected a RFP-GFP surrogate (RGS) reporter with the CRISPR/Cas9 expression vector into PEFs, followed by sorting the cells with dual fluorescent signals through fluorescence-activated cell sorter (FACS). In the sorted cell population, the percentage of cells with gene targeted modification by CRISPR/Cas9 was improved to 18%. Our study proved that the RGS surrogate reporter system is useful for improving gene targeting efficiency on BMP15 in PEF by CRISPR/Cas9. Our work thus builds a useful basis for the future generation of BMP15 gene-edited pigs through the somatic cell nuclear transfer technique and further investigations on the regulatory functions of BMP15 in porcine reproductive traits.

Key words: BMP15, CRISPR/Cas9, RGS surrogate reporter system