遗传 ›› 2020, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (8): 810-816.doi: 10.16288/j.yczz.20-068

• 遗传学教学 • 上一篇    

形成性评价与教学反馈在医学遗传学PBL教学中的应用

王涛, 梁亮, 郑敏化   

  1. 空军军医大学基础医学院,西安 710032
  • 收稿日期:2020-03-12 修回日期:2020-04-27 出版日期:2020-08-20 发布日期:2020-05-13
  • 作者简介:王涛,博士,副教授,研究方向:肿瘤生物学。E-mail: wangt@fmmu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金面上项目编号(81773003);空军军医大学教学改革研究项目资助编号(BL201604)

Application of formative evaluation and teaching feedback in PBL teaching of Medical Genetics

Wang Tao, Liang Liang, Zheng Minhua   

  1. School of Basic Medicine, Air Force Military Medical University, Xi’an 710032, China
  • Received:2020-03-12 Revised:2020-04-27 Online:2020-08-20 Published:2020-05-13
  • Supported by:
    Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China No(81773003);Teaching Reform and Research Projects of Fourth Military Medical Uiversity No(BL201604)

摘要:

医学遗传学既是基础医学的重要研究内容,又与临床医学紧密联系。对医学专业的学生而言,学好医学遗传学知识不仅可以为理解医学问题奠定坚实的理论基础,还能为临床医学实践提供不可或缺的技术手段。为了提高学生对医学遗传学核心内容的理解与掌握,培养具有创新精神和独立思考能力的高级医学人才,我校在八年制医学生医学遗传学教学中引进了基于问题的教学方法(problem-based learning, PBL),即PBL教学,并将形成性评价和教学反馈机制融入到PBL教学中,取得了良好的教学效果。本文将论述形成性评价与教学反馈在PBL教学中的重要性和必要性,介绍我校医学遗传学PBL教学方案、教学过程和教学效果,分享我们对PBL教学模式的思考,为医学遗传学教学改革提供新的思路。

关键词: 形成性评价, 教学反馈, PBL, 医学遗传学

Abstract:

Medical Genetics is an important research content of basic medicine and closely related to clinical medicine. Medical Genetics can not only lay a solid theoretical foundation for understanding medical problems for medical students, but also provide them an indispensable technical means for clinical medical practice. In order to improve students' understanding and mastery of the core content of Medical Genetics and cultivate senior medical talents with innovative spirit and independent thinking abilities, the PBL (problem-based learning) teaching method was introduced in the teaching of medical genetics for students enrolled in the eight-year medical education program. By integrating formative evaluation and teaching feedback mechanism into PBL teaching, we have achieved good teaching effects. In this paper, we will discuss the importance and necessity of formative evaluation and teaching feedback in PBL teaching, introduce the PBL teaching plan, teaching process and teaching effect of Medical Genetics in our school, share our thoughts on PBL teaching mode, and provide new ideas for the teaching reform of Medical Genetics.

Key words: formative evaluation, teaching feedback, PBL, Medical Genetics