遗传 ›› 2019, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (4): 349-358.doi: 10.16288/j.yczz.18-286

• 遗传学教学 • 上一篇    

昆虫学案例在遗传学教学中的应用

吴凯,罗朝晖()   

  1. 上饶师范学院生命科学学院,上饶 334001
  • 收稿日期:2018-10-12 修回日期:2019-02-02 出版日期:2019-04-20 发布日期:2019-02-14
  • 通讯作者: 罗朝晖 E-mail:376816471@qq.com
  • 作者简介:吴凯,博士,讲师,研究方向:昆虫遗传育种。E-mail: wukaixz@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    江西省教育厅科技项目一般项目(GJJ170925);江西省高等学校教学改革研究一般项目(JXJG-13-16-2)

Application of entomological cases in genetics teaching

Wu Kai,Luo Zhaohui()   

  1. College of Life Sciences, Shangrao Normal University, Shangrao 334001, China
  • Received:2018-10-12 Revised:2019-02-02 Online:2019-04-20 Published:2019-02-14
  • Contact: Luo Zhaohui E-mail:376816471@qq.com
  • Supported by:
    Science and Technology Research Project of Education Department of Jiangxi Province(GJJ170925);Teaching Reform Project of Education Department of Jiangxi Province(JXJG-13-16-2)

摘要:

遗传学是相关专业本科生的核心课程之一。国内大部分高校在遗传学教学中使用普通遗传学教材,但不同专业背景的学生使用普通遗传学教材会产生较大的教学质量差异,特别是蚕学、蜂学、植物保护、动物科学等专业的本科生。虽然普通遗传学教材中有一些昆虫学案例,但没有随着昆虫学发展进行更新,且不能满足昆虫相关专业学生的专业素质培养需求。因此,本文对可应用于遗传学课程的昆虫学案例进行梳理,引入遗传学教学,更替部分普通遗传学教材中的非经典案例,并补充一些普通遗传学教材中使用较少的昆虫发育遗传学、核外遗传学和进化遗传学等案例。建立适用于昆虫学相关专业的遗传学理论体系与实验教学设计,使遗传学教学突出昆虫学相关专业的特色,以期对相关专业的学生学习和教师教学有所帮助。

关键词: 昆虫学案例, 遗传学, 教学

Abstract:

Genetics is one of the core courses for undergraduates majoring in related disciplines. Most universities use general genetics textbooks in teaching, which will lead to different teaching qualities for students in different majors, especially in sericulture, apiculture, plant protection, and animal science. This is especially true for students majoring in insects. Although there are some entomology cases in general textbooks, they have not been updated with developments in entomology and cannot meet the needs of comprehensive quality training. Therefore, we review entomology cases that can be used in genetics courses, introduce genetics teaching points, offers replacements for some non-classical cases in general genetics textbooks, and supplement several cases of insect developmental genetics, extranuclear genetics, and evolutionary genetics, which are seldom described in general genetics textbooks. We also establish a genetics theoretical system and experimental teaching design for entomology-related majors to highlight the characteristics of entomology- related majors in genetics teaching, aiming to help students and teachers in related majors.

Key words: entomological cases, genetics, teaching